Beyond Real and Substantial Connection: The Muscutt Quintet
2002 Annual Review of Civil Justice, Second Edition. Toronto, ON: Carswell, 2003.
constitution; international litigation; Judicial Jurisdiction
In five companion cases (the "Muscutt Quintet) the Court of Appeal for Ontario established an 8-factor test to determine basic jurisdiction over cases involving non-consenting defendants served outside the forum. This paper provides a critical analysis of the steps leading up to this decision and the role that this decision might play in the evolution of judicial jurisdiction.
Walker, Janet; Black, Vaughan; and Blom, Joost, "Beyond Real and Substantial Connection: The Muscutt Quintet" (2003). Articles & Book Chapters. 374.