The ‘contract’ and its discontents: Can it address protection gaps for migrant agricultural workers in Canada?
International Migration, 00, 1– 11. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/imig.13121
Canada's Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program has often been portrayed as a model for temporary migration programmes. It is largely governed by the Contracts negotiated between Canada and Mexico and Commonwealth Caribbean countries respectively. This article provides a critical analysis of the Contract by examining its structural context and considers the possibilities and limitations for ameliorating it. It outlines formal recommendations that the article co-authors presented during the annual Contract negotiations between Canada and sending states in 2020. The article then explains why these recommendations were not accepted, situating the negotiation process within the structural context that produces migrant workers' vulnerability, on the one hand, and limits the capacity of representatives of sending and receiving states to expand rights and offer stronger protections to migrant farmworkers, on the other hand. We argue that fundamental changes are required to address the vulnerability of migrant agricultural workers. In the absence of structural changes, it is nevertheless important to seek improvements in the regulation of the programme through any means possible, including strengthening the Contract.
Basok, Tanya; Tucker, Eric; Vosko, Leah F.; Caxaj, C. Susana; Hennebry, Jenna L.; Mayell, Stephanie; McLaughlin, Janet; and Weiler, Anelyse M., "The ‘contract’ and its discontents: Can it address protection gaps for migrant agricultural workers in Canada?" (2023). Articles & Book Chapters. 2996.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
"This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made."