Document Type


Publication Date


Source Publication

3/2018 IUS Labour, 109-116.


Canada is a federal state and, pursuant to its constitution, labour and employment law is principally a matter of provincial jurisdiction. The federal government’s powers in this field are limited to the federal public service and federally regulated businesses, which is estimated to cover about 10% of the labour force. Therefore, there are no nationally applicable laws governing the minimum wage or employment discrimination. In the discussion that follows, we refer to the common features that can be found in all or most Canadian jurisdictions, but draw principally upon the Province of Ontario, Canada’s most populous province, for specific examples.