Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Source Publication

McGregor, D, Johnson, R., Restoule, J.P. Indigenous Research: Theories, Practices, and Relationships. Canadian Scholars Press, 2018.


Indigenous research is often viewed as a novel and recently conceived research paradigm with the aim of explicitly and actively supporting the self-determination goals of Indigenous peoples (National Aboriginal Health Organization [NAHO], 2005). While it may be “new” to academia, engaging in Indigenous inquiry, along with its resultant knowledge production and mobilization, is actually far from new. Indigenous societies, like any autonomous and sovereign nations, required regularly updated knowledge to meet existing and emerging challenges. Indigenous peoples have thus been seeking knowledge to support their existence as peoples and nations for millennia (Absolon & Willet, 2004; Cardinal, 2001; Castellano, 2000; Colorado, 1988). As Cardinal (2001) observes, “Indigenous research methods and methodologies are as old as our ceremonies and our nations. They are with us and have always been with us. Our Indigenous cultures are rich with ways of gathering, discovering and uncovering knowledge” (p. 182).