Research Paper Number
Have We Legalized Corruption?: The Impacts of Expanding Municipal Authority Without Safeguards in Toronto and Ontario
Municipal powers, municipal purpose, rule of law, procedural safeguards, discretion, councilor, corruption, City of Toronto Act 2006, Municipal Act 2001
This article discusses the importance of rule of law values such as predictability, certainty, equality, and procedural safeguards in controlling corruption at the municipal level of government and how those values are being replaced by political and economic values such as efficiency, discretion, responsiveness, and need. Particular attention is placed on how this change in values may lead to corruption and the abuse of power in planning and other decisions made by municipal governments.
Makuch, Stanley and Shuman, Maathew, "Have We Legalized Corruption?: The Impacts of Expanding Municipal Authority Without Safeguards in Toronto and Ontario" (2016). Osgoode Legal Studies Research Paper Series. 154.
Subsequently published in the Osgoode Hall Law Journal.