This article investigates the recently passed Bill C-83, which aims to reduce harms caused by segregating people with mental health issues. In order to assess the capacity of the Bill to support meaningful change, the history of mental health institutions and correctional facilities in Ontario is first explored, followed by an analysis of recent cases on segregation and mental health in the province. Next, legislative oversight for federal prisons and provincial jails is described, followed by an overview of ongoing reforms. Here, a distinction between federal prisons and provincial jails is made in order to explore the different legislation governing each of these spaces and the complexities that arise from multiple systems of governance. Finally, the practical implementation of Bill C-83 is considered within these legal frameworks, and the resultant consequences are suggested in light of academic research on prison law policy and reform.
"Out of Sight, Out of Mind: Bill C-83, Solitary Confinement, and Mental Health."
Journal of Law and Social Policy