Middle Income Access to Justice

Middle Income Access to Justice


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Available in the Osgoode Hall Law School Library


Though most conceptions of the rule of law assume equality before the law – and hence equal access to the justice system – this basic right is not being met for many low and middle income Canadians. This book focuses on the problem of civil access to justice for middle income earners – those whose household income is high enough to disqualify them from legal aid but not high enough to cover the costs of litigation.

Featuring contributions by leading Canadian and international scholars, practitioners, and members of the judiciary, this multidisciplinary collection draws on scholarship in the fields of law, social science, and public policy. There is a particular emphasis on family law, consumer law, and employment law, as these are the areas where research has indicated that unmet legal needs are highest.

Middle Income Access to Justice presents a variety of innovative solutions, from dispute resolution process reforms to the development of non-lawyer forms of assistance and new methods for funding legal expenses. In doing so, it lays the foundation for the development of a much-needed new delivery model to provide early intervention for legal services.



Publication Date



University of Toronto Press


Toronto, Ontario


Legal services--Congresses; Middle class--Civil rights--Congresses; Justice, Administration of--Congresses; Equality before the law--Congresses; Ontario


Bibliographic Citation
Trebilcock, Michael J., Anthony Duggan, and Lorne Sossin. Middle Income Access to Justice. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 2012. Print.

Middle Income Access to Justice