Unlike in the areas of detention and search, Parliament has played no role in regulating the questioning of adult criminal suspects by police. This paper examines the implications of this legislative silence. Critics of the courts’ use of the ancillary powers doctrine in the law of detention and search have argued that the optimal regulation of police investigative practices requires robust legislative input. I argue that the same is true of police questioning. But given the improbability that this will happen, I argue that appellate courts should adopt a more robustly “regulatory” (as opposed to “adjudicative”) approach to both the common law confessions rule and section 10(b) of the Charter. I the n explore how such an approach could better address the chief policy issue raised by police questioning: false confessions.
"Police Questioning in the Charter Era: Adjudicative versus Regulatory Rule-making and the Problem of False Confessions."
The Supreme Court Law Review: Osgoode’s Annual Constitutional Cases Conference
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