Precarious employment is increasing in Ontario. A growing share of Ontario’s private sector employees earns low wages while a shrinking portion belongs to unions. These trends are fueled by changes in the structure of Ontario’s labour force. In many industries, including accommodation and food services, administrative services, and cleaning, workplaces are being transformed through greater use of contracting out, franchising, and extended supply chains. These ways of structuring work contribute to driving working conditions downward.
Vosko, Leah F.; Grundy, John; Tucker, Eric; Noack, Andrea M.; Gellatly, Mary; Casey, Rebecca; Thomas, Mark P.; Akkaymak, Guliz; and Hira-Friesen, Parvinder, "Closing the Employment Standards Enforcement Gap, An Agenda for Change" (2017). Commissioned Reports, Studies and Public Policy Documents. Paper 223.