Osgoode Hall Law Journal

Document Type

Special Issue Article


This paper surveys existing and emerging Canadian approaches to environmental and resource management issues, and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of some of our past and current approaches. It considers the challenges posed by the fact that Canada is a federal state as illustrated by jurisdictional competition regarding environmental assessment. The successful utilization of cooperative strategies is considered and examples are given of new problems that need to be addressed. Difficulties faced by governmental, judicial, and administrative bodies are surveyed. Examples are given of emerging legislative strategies. It is concluded that, while much change is apparent, it is far from clear that change is occurring quickly enough to respond effectively to the environmental challenges of the twenty-first century.