Osgoode Hall Law Journal

Document Type



Section 31 of the Manitoba Act 1870 provided for a land settlement scheme for the benefit of the families of the Métis residents, towards the extinguishment of the Indian title. There are now no Métis reserves in Manitoba; section 31 was implemented in a way which permitted the quick dispossession of the Métis in the nineteenth century. The writer argues that the mode of implementing section 31 was a breach of constitutional obligation. Reference is made to the subsequent history of the western Métis and comments are offered regarding the current significance of the Métis dispossession.