Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Source Publication

Luis Eslava, Canterbury Michael Fakhri, Vasuki Nesiah (eds.). Bandung, Global History, and International Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.


Between April 18 and 24, 1955, a group of twenty-nine African and Asian states gathered in Bandung, Indonesia, for the very first Afro-Asian summit in recorded human history. Almost every single African and Asian state that was independent at the time was represented at Bandung. It is no wonder then that this moment is widely regarded in the literature as “the foundational moment of the Third World.” Issued on April 24, 1955, the Conference’s Final Communiqué captured what I refer to in this chapter as the Bandung ethic. This conference also inspired a long line of subsequent meetings of the same kind and heralded the emergence of a relatively new political and socioeconomic movement in world affairs – one that eventually included Latin American and the Caribbean states. The nonaligned movement and the Group of 77 states (or the G-77) represent differing (though related) forms, dimensions, and iterations of this broad movement.


This material has been published in Bandung, Global History, and International Law by Luis Eslava, Canterbury Michael Fakhri, Vasuki Nesiah (eds.). This version is free to view and download for personal use only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. © Cambridge University Press.