The gig economy is “the collection of markets that match providers to consumers on a gig basis in support of on-demand commerce.” Some of the most recognizable examples in Canada are Lyft and Uber. In a September 2017 report by the Bank of Montreal on the gig economy, it was estimated that 2.18 million Canadians were categorized as temporary workers, which include people who take on term, contract, or temporary employment, such as freelancers. This report defines a gig as “any job, especially one of short or uncertain duration.” A recent Ontario Court of Appeal Case, Heller v Uber Technologies Inc, identifies the important step needed to determine whether a worker is an employee or not. In the United States, there has been lawsuit after lawsuit which leads to settlement after settlement in the gig economy. Most of the conflicts centre around how workers are classified and benefit (or fail to benefit) as a result.
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"Humans as a Service: The Promise and Perils of Work in the Gig Economy, by Jeremias Prassl."
Osgoode Hall Law Journal