Osgoode Hall Law Journal

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Book Review


During the period of the Great War—when the rest of the world had its eyes turned towards Europe—the province of Ontario found itself in the midst of a domestic crisis. Only two decades earlier, the provincial government had enacted legislation giving the newly-founded Children’s Aid Society (CAS) the authority to identify and protect neglected and maltreated children. This legislation emerged out of a concern over juvenile delinquency, but its range was limited: services for children were given little financial backing, and CAS workers were only locally regulated. By the end of the Great War, then, concerns about rising rates of illegitimacy in Ontario and frustrations about the lack of institutionalized support led CAS workers to become increasingly persuaded that the only path forward for child protection was through legalized adoption.

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