Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Laws (LLM)

First Advisor

Mgbeoji, Ikechi M. C.


This work examines the scope of non-practicing entity behavior and whether the debate on remedies can lead to changes that encourage the goals behind a patent system. Innovation is often the stated goal but the significance of innovation commercialization is often ignored. Furthermore, there has been an increase in business models that involve alternate means of monetizing patents, not all of which were contemplated in the purpose of the patent system. Using the goals of the patent system as a backdrop, this work provides an overview of the impact of remedies available to courts in Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States on patent systems. The courts have the tools in each jurisdiction to grant remedies appropriate to the infringement. However, systemic limitations in each patent system often prevent the courts from reviewing disputes.