During the first half of the nineteenth-century American workers who went on strike were often charged with or indicted for criminal conspiracy. Wythe Holt attributes their convictions to the bias of the judges, who openly sided with the employers. This example of class identification and class conflict should be taken note of by non-Marxists.
"Labour Conspiracy Cases in the United States, 1805-1842: Bias and Legitimation in Common Law Adjudication."
Osgoode Hall Law Journal